Principal threats to migratory birds and vultures in the Mediterranean include illegal killing and poisoning, collisions with power lines and wind turbines, and livestock carcasses loaded with dangerous veterinary drugs.

Amongst the many human activities that result in heavy species mortality, three strongly affect migratory birds and vultures:

– 25 million birds are illegally shot, trapped or otherwise taken from the wild each year as they migrate between nesting and wintering grounds.

– Collisions with power lines and wind turbines come a close second as a threat to migratory species.

– Poisoning by illegally placed poisoned bait, livestock carcasses loaded with dangerous veterinary drugs, and the use of poisonous lead in hunting ammunition threaten populations of vultures and large raptors.

This Outcome Action Plan brings together, for the first time, the leading conservation organisations working on human-induced mortality of birds in the Mediterranean. This represents the largest collective effort to eliminate the threats faced by migratory birds and vultures in the region.

The partnership aims to minimise or eliminate the intentional and accidental killing of priority bird species from these causes by:

  • developing research to support action and influence policies and strategies
  • raising awareness amongst stakeholders about priority issues
  • developing the capacity of local authorities and civil society to play an active role at national level
  • advocating establishment of national policies and legislation
  • implementing local activities to minimise threats in the most problematic spots
Golden Oriole (c) shutterstock



Activities focus on areas where the threats are most acute and will be scaled up to regional level.


  • BirdLife International
  • Euronatur
  • IUCN
  • Tour du Valat
  • Vulture Conservation Foundation (VCF)
  • WWF

Focus on one of our partners

At the heart of all our work are passionate people dedicated to delivering effective and lasting conservation. These inspirational partners are our greatest asset.

Dr Alex Llopis Dell
Alex Llopis feeding a Bearded Vulture chick (c) Hansruedi Weyrich

Dr Alex Llopis Dell

Vulture Conservation Foundation (VCF)

Budget 2020-2022

MAVA allocation: EUR 8.4 million

Total budget: EUR 15.1 million

Co-funding: EUR 6.7 million


Luis Costa

Manager, Mediterranean Basin

More details

Back to filter results