Some traditional practices such as transhumance, terrace agriculture, and salt production contribute to diverse landscapes deserving of conservation. Such practices occur mainly in farming, livestock breeding, forestry and fishing, and involve know-how and techniques that have become integral to rural landscapes.

We aim to stop the loss and deterioration of diverse ‘cultural landscapes’, revive locally-specific practices, and demonstrate their sustainability and benefit to the rural economy by:

  • raising awareness of the ecological value and economic importance of sustainable land use practices
  • ensuring long-term sustainability, including through innovation such as drip irrigation and agroforestry, and resilience to climate change
  • demonstrating sustainable land use practices in different landscapes
  • supporting participatory management and policy advocacy and good governance
  • improving livelihoods and the economic viability of local products
High Atlas (c) iStock-497686860


Our focus is on three types of landscapes in pilot sites:

  • island landscape (Lemnos, Greece and Menorca, Spain) characterised by a mosaic of traditional farming, livestock breeding and water management facing tourism and climate pressure
  • mountain landscape (High Atlas, Morocco and El Shouf Mountain, Lebanon) characterised by interaction between traditional farming, grazing, forestry and water management at altitude
  • lowland agro-silvo-pastoral landscape (dehesas and montados from Extremadura and Córdoba, Spain, to Coruche in Santarém, Portugal) characterised by a diversified mosaic of lowland habitats of traditional farming, forestry and pastoral practice, including transhumance.

Watch more about this action plan:


  • Asociación Transhumancia y Naturaleza
  • Associaçao Natureza Portugal
  • DiversEarth
  • Euronatur
  • Global Diversity Foundation (GDF)
  • GOB Menorca
  • IUCN
  • MedINA
  • Mediterranean Consortium for Nature and Culture
  • Shouf Biosphere Reserve
  • SPNL
  • Tour du Valat
  • WWF Spain

Focus on one of our partners

At the heart of all our work are passionate people dedicated to delivering effective and lasting conservation. These inspirational partners are our greatest asset.


Nizar Hani
© Nizar Hani ACS Lebanon

Nizar Hani

Shouf Biosphere Reserve
When I applied for a job in the park twenty years ago, my parents didn’t approve: ‘Why be a guard in a forest?’ I saw it as an opportunity to learn new things but I didn’t know I’d fall in love with nature. I realised how important it was to protect it and now it’s a way of life.

Annual budget

MAVA annual allocation: € 2,177,000


The Action Plan annual budget is estimated at € 3,190,000


Remaining needs are partially covered by existing projects but co-funding is still needed



Gonzalo Oviedo

Manager, Mediterranean Basin

More details

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